Topic A: The Situation in Libya
The overthrow of Libyan leader Muammar Gaddafi in 2011 was seen as a pivotal moment during the Arab Spring and an inspiration to many people. For some, the event signaled a transition from a autocratic regime to one founded on democratic ideals. However, in 2014, the collapse of newly formed “Unity Government” led to yet another civil war and inhibited peacekeeping efforts that were supposed to occur under the new democratically elected government. The cause of the conflict comes from years of failed government practices and a lack of inclusiveness among the people of the country’s very diverse racial and ethnic groups. Currently, the state of the conflict in Libya is dire, involving numerous problems such as sectarian divisions, violent power struggles, and widespread distrust of government. In order to re-establish peace in Libya, the members of the United Nations Peacebuilding Commission must come together in order to find viable solutions that will unite the diverse peoples of Libya under one government again.
Topic B: The Situation in Haiti
Haiti had elected President Jean-Bertrand as their first democratically chosen president in 1991, until a military led coup d’état removed him from office, consequently allowing the de facto military ruled government of Raoul Cédras from 1991 to 1994. Following a concentrated effort by the international community and even the United Nations itself, Cédras resigned and Jean-Bertrand finished his term as the legitimate president. Years later, Jean-Bertrand was re-elected in 2001, but could not finish his term due to another coup d’ état organized by the National Revolutionary Front for the Liberation of Haiti in 2004, which once again removed him from office. These events resulted in a country devastated by social unrest, violent turmoil, and a crippled economy. Despite involvement from the United Nations Security Council, Haiti is still in a very fragile state. The country has frequently struggled to organize elections, postponing them due to fraud allegations, violence in the streets, protests and boycotts; resulting in vacant seats in the country’s parliament. As a post-conflict country still struggling to sustain itself, Haiti needs help from the UNPBC and the international community to ensure that its democratic institutions survive.