Topic A: Security in the Caribbean Islands
The Caribbean islands have a notably troubled and violent colonial past. A series of coups, foreign interventions, and authoritarian governments have left 38% of the regional population below the poverty line. Lack of economic stability has caused many problems in the Small Island Developing States, otherwise known as SIDS. Home to more than 63.2 million people with a collective gross domestic product of $575.3 billion, SIDS have economically, socially, and politically evolved tremendously over the past 5 decades. These states present a unique situation to the international community with regard to their vulnerability in many socioeconomic and terrestrial aspects. Many of these states are facing the brunt of the negative effects of climate change, particularly rising sea levels, and the difficulty for goods to reach the islands has stymied economic growth and led to an increase in illicit activity. The mandate of the UNODC and its mission to fulfill the sustainable development goals allow the committee to tackle major issues surrounding the Caribbean Islands. Delegates will debate combating the rampant illegal activity in the SIDS and will focus on different aspects of the issue and implementation methods.
Topic B: Gender Dimensions in the Fight Against Terrorism
The issue of global terrorism has cemented itself as a staple of mainstream media. However, an important recent trend is the women who have progressively become more involved in acts of terror, through providing and maintain safe houses, serving as decoys, or acting as lookouts. In extreme cases, women have been involved more directly by becoming suicide bombers and physical combatants. The most notable advantage to these female fighters is that they are often less likely to be identified as terrorists, leading to increased efficacy. However, in many cases, the women that support or aid in these acts are simultaneously victims of terrorism. Most often, women find themselves sexually exploited, abused for the pleasure of the members of the terrorist group, or used to “breed” new generations of terrorist combatants. The specific role that women play in terrorist attacks and organizations varies geographically and culturally, and it is the job of the UNODC to address this issue comprehensively.