Topic A: Managing Security in Global Telecommunications
The ITU provides guidelines for management of critical information networks, including internet, cellular, telephone, and satellite infrastructure to name a few. While it is important to regulate these technologies to ensure correct operation, the parameters of this regulation have been contentious. During the ITU’s 2012 World Conference on International Telecommunication in Dubai, the largest dispute in forming the conference’s treaty came when discussing network security. While some members believed that tougher international oversight over the internet would help improve cybersecurity, others saw the new regulations as governmental overreach into private citizens’ lives. Although the resolution passed with 89 supporting states, 55 member states, including the United States, refused to sign the treaty produced because they believe the proposal introduced too much international control over the internet. At this conference, the delegates will once again come together to sort out this contentious issue and reach an international consensus on how the ITU should manage the pressing modern threat of cyber attacks while respecting individual freedoms.
Topic B: Stimulating Urban Development via Information and Communication Technologies
Stable and secure infrastructure for information and communication technologies (ICTs) is essential for the establishment of modern cities. For example, ICTs can make public transportation faster by calculating optimal transit lines and stops based on the activity of certain areas. For developing countries, ICTs can serve as databases for censuses and track demographics and population growth in cities that may see double digit growth every year. In this committee, delegates will identify creative solutions for using specific types of technology to assist in urban development through economic growth and efficient energy usage (e.g. using mobile phones to bring banking to regions without physical banks). Delegates must also address the role of businesses, environmental impact, economic factors, and the wellbeing of citizens during the process of urban development—all factors that will be disputed based on which should be prioritized.