Topic A: The Emergence of Cyber Warfare
Cyber warfare has become an increasingly dangerous threat to international security. As a result of modern dependency on technology, the internet has not only become a viral element of economic activity, but also one of national security. Electricity, banking, and intelligence infrastructure, to name just a few, rely on the internet to function. Any attack on these critical systems can put countless lives at risk. The United States’s Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) has reported that since 1 January 2016, on average, “more than 4,000 ransomware attacks have occurred on a daily basis,” resulting in a 300% increase from the preceding year. In October of 2014, DISEC stated that it was crucial for the growing area of cyber warfare to be “addressed urgently” before such attacks “broke down the entire edifice of international security.” Debate on this topic will focus primarily on creating a framework through which cyber warfare can be addressed by the international community.
Topic B: Terrorism in the Mediterranean Region
With a location near a large body of water and a number of recent conflicts, countries in the Mediterranean region receive a significant influx of immigrants each year. More than 50,000 immigrants in the past year alone have attempted to enter Europe through the Mediterranean, many losing their lives in the process. In addition to the humanitarian concerns, there is a widespread concern that increased immigration opens a path for terrorists to enter the host countries. Because of the profile of immigrants travelling through the region, women are more than ever being asked to join terrorist organizations. Terrorists use refugee camps, where young men are often frustrated by the slow pace of aid, to recruit and build numbers. Instead of discussing the broader humanitarian concerns, DISEC is able to hone in on the security concerns of this massive refugee wave and discuss ways to be proactive regarding terrorist attacks.