Topic A: Disarming Houthi Rebels in Yemen
The Houthi rebel group is a non-state actor (NSA) in the Middle East, and the topic is currently being addressed by the UN. According to the Washington Post, Saudi Arabia has vowed to take back the Yemeni capital from rebels using military force if the ongoing peace talks fail. It is DISEC’s duty to effectively address this issue, keeping in mind that a Houthi victory could set an international precedent for other insurgent groups around the world to disrupt peace and security. Resolutions such as Security Council Resolution 2216, which still need adequate support and implementation, will be as crucial as the evaluation and implementation of several other ongoing initiatives such as attempts at peace talks.
Topic B: Small Arms and Light Weapons in West Africa
Following the Cold War, states in West Africa received large amounts of armaments from Eastern European and ex-Soviet countries. Since the early 1990s, arms embargoes have been placed on the region as a whole as well as individual countries, often to little or no effect. In the 21st century, however, direct imports to countries in West Africa have fallen. Instead, governments and non-state actors rely on arms flowing out of Libya and countries in East Africa, through Algeria and Niger to states such as Mali and Nigeria. From there, non-state actors including Al-Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb (AQIM) and Boko Haram use them to perpetuate lawlessness throughout the region. Furthermore, the history of West Africa has seen a series of conflicts; most states have witnessed civil wars, coups d’etat, and ethnic and religious clashes. DISEC is uniquely positioned to address this topic: delegates can explore the nuances of the SALW trade in West Africa, including the challenges pertaining to porous borders, weak stockpile regulation, and weak security communities. As groups such as Boko Haram and AQIM continue to operate with impunity in the region, this topic is both timely and important.