Topic: Salva Kiir Mayardit Executive Cabinet: South Sudanese Civil War
Soon after it gained independence, the world’s newest country, South Sudan, descended into civil war. After the former Vice President attempted a coup in 2013, two main factions have been fighting a civil war. Led by President Salva Kiir Mayardit, the government’s army, the Sudan People’s Liberation Army (SPLA), has been fighting the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement-In Opposition (SPLM-IO), led by former Vice President Riek Machar. While several peace accords and ceasefires have been signed, there seems to be no end in sight after the last agreement in 2015 was broken and resulted in violent clashes. However, the largest problems of the war have not been the battles, but rather the human rights abuses and civilian casualties that have devastated the region. Around 300,000 civilian casualties have been reported, and around three million people have been displaced. Numerous human rights atrocities have been reported, and there are signs of alleged ethnic cleansing. As the situation grows in severity, the human rights conditions continue to deteriorate, as well as the lack of central power itself. Such conditions have worsened a statewide famine that has led to massive malnutrition among citizens. Salva Kiir Mayardit and his government are still in control of the capital and are recognized by the international community, but foreign support has been sparse. This government is tasked with ensuring its people’s safety and basic human rights and must work to restore peace and order to the new country.